Vertical machining center
Vertical machining center is a highly developed machine tool that can deal with multiple types of milling tasks at once. At first, machine center is evolved from milling machines at the 1960s and since then, the development of this specific type of machine tools progresses well in the industry, and after that machine centers are widely applied in all kinds of industries, contributing a wide range of industrial efforts.
The phrase “machining center” can be used to describe a wide variety of CNC (Computer Numerical Control) drilling and milling machineries that include several critical accessories equipped together with the machine itself, such as tool magazine, ATC (automatic tool changer), power tool turret, CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine), multi-axis working tables, just to name a few.
Besides the model of vertical and horizontal, there are still other categories in the machining center inventory. Vertical machining center is the arrangement of its structure that aligns vertically, and the workpieces are machined by cutting tools that go up and down vertically. On the contrary, horizontal machining centers have the spindle arranged horizontally and the machining is conducted lying flat.
On the other hand, traditional machining centers are designed at least with three axis, namely, x, y, and z. Nowadays as the industrial processes get complicated due to the demands for less processes, there are machining centers designed with the 4th and even 5th axis to complete all the cutting tasks at on stop.
Regarding the 5 axis machining centers, there are mainly three types of construction methods that constitute a 5 axis machine. With the swing head alone that can achieve most processing angles, this kind of machines is considered convenient as well as other 4+1 and 3+2 machining centers, while the latter are with more practical advantages.